Swine flu symptoms are similar to seasonal human flu symptoms including sore throat, cough, fever, runny nose, body aches, as well as chills, fatigue, headaches, so it’s very difficult to make a clear distinction. Nonetheless, doctors have discovered that the swine flu is more likely to cause gastrointestinal ills, such as vomiting and diarrhea. This disease can be diagnosed by sending nose culture or throat to laboratories to confirm the virus. Unfortunately, people with pre-existing health disorders like heart disease, asthma, diabetes are at higher risk of developing complications and of requiring hospitalisation as soon as possible.
Higher Risk Groups
At higher risk are also pregnant women, children under 5 and adults who are older than 65. In pregnant women, the risk is not high to the fetus, but more for pregnant mothers themselves. Their immune system is changing already during pregnancy and as the baby grows, they may find it harder to breath. If they suffer from swine flu as well, then things will complicate even more. It’s important for them to go to the doctor as soon as possible in case they suspect a case of this type of flu, as postponing treatment has lead so far to the death of many pregnant women.
Even though people don’t need to see a doctor if they suffer from swine flu, complications such as pain in the abdomen or chest, severe vomiting and trouble breathing may emerge. In this case, hospitalization is a must. Plus, one of the things that differentiates between swine and human flu is the fact that symptoms abate, but they come back more severely. In cases where patients don’t follow the right treatment, neurological complications may take place, mainly in children and may show up in forms of seizures, memory problems or irritability. Adults may experience confusion and sudden dizziness, so such problems need instant treatment.
Treatment Drugs for Swine Flue
Oseltamivir and zanamivir are considered two of the best drugs that can treat the symptoms of swine flu, shortening the duration of swine flu within 48 hours. Moreover, these drugs will also shorten the severity of the symptoms and are available only by prescription. The antivirals are 70-90% effective, but there were also cases when complications emerged and people went too late to the doctor, so they couldn’t be saved anymore. Although the swine flu vaccine is available, it doesn’t always provide increased protection from swine flu. Nonetheless, people can also prevent this type of flu by following a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight.
So far, for most people, this illness has been mild, but for a minority, it has caused severe illness. In many cases, various factors contributed to complications which generally, lead to pneumonia. Those who suspect they have swine flu symptoms have to stay at home, rest and take painkillers to relieve symptoms and feel better. Nevertheless, those who are included in high-risk groups should contact their doctor who will determine the most appropriate action for them. Find out more about swine flu symptoms here: